Mary Phagan’s life was cut short before Christmas in 1913.
Most Popular Gifts in 1913 and 2013, via ABC News:
- 1. Candy
- 2. Nuts
- 3. Rocking horse
- 4. Doll
- 5. Mittens/gloves
- 6. Toy train
- 7. Oranges
- 8. Books
- 9. Handkerchiefs
- 10. Skates
What would have happened if the White mob had actually lynched Newt Lee, the negro night watchman initially suspected of committing the crime? There would have been no Leo Frank arrest, or trial. No need for a jewish narrative about Frank. Hardly anyone would remember the murder today.
Did Frank think, whether beforehand or on the fly, that he could get away with the murder by framing one or both of the negroes (Newt Lee or Jim Conley) who worked for him? Did Frank or someone in cahoots with him instigate the mob – to end the controversy quickly and finally, to protect Frank or his jew-owned company?
For an idea of what happened during the early days of the investigation we turn to a description from the forward to Arguments of Hugh M. Dorsey in the Leo Frank Murder Trial, written by Nicholas Christophulos and published on 20 April 1914:
FACTS OF CRIME.
On Saturday, April 26, 1913 [Confederate Memorial Day], Mary Phagan, a fourteen-year-old operative in the employ of the National Pencil Company, in Atlanta, Ga., left home at a little after 11 o’clock, going to the pencil factory to get her pay. She had not worked at the plant since the Monday previous, owing to the fact that they had no metal for use in her branch of the work. It is admitted that Leo M T Frank, the superintendent of the pencil factory, was the last person ever positively known to have seen her alive.
At about 8 o’clock Sunday morning, April 27th ± her dead body was discovered in the rear of the basement in the building occupied by the National Pencil Company by the night watchman, Newt Lee. She had a cord drawn tightly around her neck, and according to the contention of the State had been dead from 16 to 20 hours or more at the time her body was discovered.
The little girl’s underclothing was torn in several places, and the crime was pronounced by physicians as well as police officers as unquestionably the work of a pervert. It is generally conceded that Mary Phagan was an unusually pretty and attractive child –
Newt Lee, the night watchman, was immediately held by the police, and several Other suspects were arrested 1 during the next two days, the climax coming on Tuesday, April 29th, when Leo M. Frank was detained at police headquarters by the authorities, he having been under suspicion since immediately after the crime was discovered.
Signs of external manipulation can be found from the start and persist to the present day. In the Internet Archive description attached to Dorsey’s argument we find:
Alas, the original 7 volume Leo M. Frank murder trial transcript stenographed on 3,647 pages of cap paper (Bass Rosser, 1914) was stolen from the Georgia State Archives around the early 1960’s (Archivist Smith, 2011) and is still missing today, presumed gone forever after 50 years.
Who has the motive and means to do such things?
A good indication of the contemporary views of Frank’s guilt is provided in the brief chronology of major events in the investigation and trial:
The Coroner’s Inquest, April 30, 1913 to May 8, 1913
Over 150 people are sworn under oath and testify to questioning in the Coroners Inquest, resulting in Coroner Paul V. Donehoo and his Coroners Jury of 6 men making a unanimous recommendation (7 to 0) that Leo M. Frank be bound over for murder and held accountable before the Grand Jury to review the facts and evidence in the case.
Fulton County Grand Jury Indictment for Leo Frank
More than a dozen police, detectives, and employees testified during the Fulton County Grand Jury. Monteen Stover told the Jury that when she went to collect her pay envelope from Leo Frank at the National Pencil Company, he was not in his office on April 26, 1913, between the designated time between 12:05 pm and 12:10 pm.
After reviewing the facts, evidence and testimony with thorough and serious deliberation, Leo M. Frank was indicted unanimously by a Grand Jury of 21 men (including 4 Jewish members) on Saturday, May 24th 1913. The unanimous vote of 7 to 0 by the Coroners Inquest and Jury, plus the unanimous vote of the Grand Jury of 21 to 0, put Leo Frank at a distinct disadvantage with a total of 28 to 0 against him going into his capital murder trial.
A Trial of the Century
Leo Frank is prosecuted during a 29 day trial beginning on Monday, July 28th 1913 and successfully convicted by a petite Jury of 12 men on Monday, August 25th 1913 (unanimously 13 to 0 including Judge Roan on Tuesday, August 26, 1913), as a result of well thought out, reasoned and logical arguments presented by the Hugh M. Dorsey legal team, a culmination, based on the trial testimony, facts and evidence. The 13 to 0 vote, when added to the 21 to 0 vote of the Grand Jury and 7 to 0 vote of the Coroners Inquest Jury resulted in a 41 to 0 vote against Leo Frank.
Leo Frank appealed the case to the Georgia Supreme Court who ruled the evidence sustained a guilty verdict. Judge Benjamin Hill of the Fulton County Superior Court was so convinced of Leo Frank’s guilt after reviewing the Brief of Evidence, that on March 7, 1914, he sentence Leo Frank to be hanged on his 30th Birthday, April 17, 1914!
Leo Frank would aggressively pursue two more years of appeals failing each and every time up and down the entire United States Legal System, from the Georgia Superior Court, Georgia Supreme Court, Federal District Courts to the United States of America to the Supreme Court of the United States of America, TWICE! It was Hugh Dorsey that fought against Leo Frank each and everytime and won!
Confederate Memorial Day was initiated in Georgia, on April 26th 1866, to honor those who died fighting for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. Nine states officially observe Confederate Memorial Day (using several different dates): Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas. The Memorial Day holiday that is currently observed in the entire United States was initiated in 1868, in emulation of the spirit and practices of Confederate Memorial Day.
The most common name in modern American usage, is simply “the Civil War”. Although used rarely during the war, the term “War Between the States” became widespread afterward in the Southern United States. During and immediately after the war, Northern forces often used the term “War of the Rebellion”, while the Southern equivalent was “War for Southern Independence”. The latter regained some currency in the late 20th century, but has again fallen out of use. Other terms often reflect a more partisan view of events, such as “War of Northern Aggression”
As noted, there are signs of outside (jewish) meddling with the investigation from the start.
April 26: Mary Phagan murdered.
April 28: NPC hires Pinkerton.
April 29: Leo Frank arrested.
April 30: George Epps, a fifteen year old friend of Mary Phagan, testified that Phagan was afraid of Frank because he had winked, flirted and made inappropriate sexual advances toward her.
May 1: Jim Conley, a sweeper at the factory, arrested.
May 3: Two impostors posing as Pinkerton detectives had interviewed George Epps (Phagan’s friend who had reported she was afraid of Leo Frank) and Phagan’s mother.
In the service of Frank’s defense Conley was eventually turned into the main scapegoat. From Wikipedia’s page on Frank:
In its closing statements, the defense attempted to divert suspicion from Frank to Conley. Lead defense attorney Luther Rosser, said to the jury: “Who is Conley? He is a dirty, filthy, black, drunken, lying, nigger.” Frank had issued a widely publicized statement questioning how the “perjured vaporizings of a black brute” could be accepted in testimony against him.
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